Main Article Content
This study aims to investigate the implementation of classroom management in enhancing the effectiveness of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) instruction at SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Makassar. It seeks to identify the facilitating and inhibiting factors of classroom management in improving PAI instruction at the aforementioned institution, as well as the approaches employed by teachers to enhance the effectiveness of PAI instruction. This research employs a qualitative approach, utilizing data collection methods such as observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis is conducted through descriptive analytics, involving the description and analysis of all field data to draw conclusions. The findings indicate that classroom management in enhancing the effectiveness of PAI instruction is effective but not yet optimal. Factors influencing the effectiveness of PAI instruction predominantly stem from the students themselves, the teachers, and the school's resources and facilities. Teachers employ various approaches, including power and threat, to enhance the effectiveness of PAI instruction, although not all aspects of classroom management can be fully implemented by teachers.